Heart Attack and warning signs

Every year 460000 Americans die from heart attack, most victims of the heart attack die before they can reach emergency room..Hearth attack is silent killer


MedicineNet.com & Healthline

What is a heart attack?

Heart attack, or myocardial infarction, is the number one killer of both men and women in the U.S. Each year, about 1.1 million Americans suffer a heart attack, and 460,000 of these are fatal. Most of the deaths from heart attacks are caused by ventricular fibrillation of the heart that occurs before the victim of the heart attack can reach an emergency room. Those who reach the emergency room have an excellent prognosis; survival from a heart attack with modern treatment should exceed 90%. The 1% to 10% of heart attack victims who die later include those victims who suffer major damage to the heart muscle initially or who suffer additional damage at a later time.

Fortunately, procedures such as coronary angiogram and PTCA (coronary balloon angioplasty), and clot dissolving drugs are available that can quickly open blocked arteries in order to restore circulation to the heart and limit heart muscle damage. In order to optimally benefit heart attack victims and limit the extent of heart damage, these treatments to open blocked arteries should be given early during a heart attack. Blood pressure is not a reliable measurement of whether one is having a heart attack. Blood pressure during a heart attack can be low, normal, or elevated.

1. Not All Heart Attacks are Alike

Did you know you can have a heart attack and not feel any chest pains? Heart failure and heart disease don’t show the same signs for everyone, especially women. A heart attack—medically known as myocardial infarction—happens when a blood clot blocks flow of blood to the heart muscle.

There are many things that can contribute to a heart attack, including age, heredity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, poor diet, alcohol consumption, stress, and physical inactivity.

To recognize a potential heart attack as soon as possible, learn important signs of heart distress below.

2. Day & Night

Sweating more than usual—especially if you aren’t exercising or being active—could be an early warning sign of heart problems. Pumping blood through clogged arteries takes more effort from your heart, so your body will sweat more to try to keep your body temperature down during the extra exertion. If you experience cold sweats or clammy skin, then you should consult your doctor.

Night sweats are also a common symptom for women experiencing heart troubles.

3. Chest Pain, Pressure, & Discomfort

While chest pains do not occur in every heart attack, they are the most recognizable symptom for good reason. Chest tightness is a common sign of a heart attack. People have described this sensation as feeling like an elephant is standing on their chest. If you experience chest pains or tightness, you or someone around you should call 911 immediately (NHLBI, 2011).

4. Other Pains Throughout the Body

Pain and tightness can also radiate in other areas of the body. Most people associate a heart attack with pain working its way down the left arm. That can happen, but pain can also appear in other locations, including:

  •    upper abdomen
  •    shoulder
  •    back
  •    throat
  •    teeth or jaw

5. During a Heart Attack

If you think you are having a heart attack, you or someone nearby should call 911 immediately. If you’ve been prescribed heart medication and experience heart troubles, follow your doctor’s instructions. Even something as simple as taking aspirin can prevent the clot from becoming worse (AHA, 2012). If treatment of the blockage can be administered within a couple of hours of the onset of symptoms, the risk of severe damage to the heart is lowered.

6. Getting Started on a Solution

If you are at risk for heart attack and heart disease, it is important to make smart choices with your diet, exercise, and stress management. Check out these resources to find the information you need:

7. Fatigue & Shortness of Breath

Exhaustion and shortness of breath are two ways your body tells you it needs rest, but it can also be a sign of heart trouble as a response to the extra stress on your heart. If you often feel tired or exhausted for no reason, it could be a sign that something is wrong.

Fatigue and shortness of breath are more common in women and may begin months before a heart attack.

8. Indigestion, Nausea, & Vomiting

Often people begin experiencing mild indigestion and other gastrointestinal problems before a heart attack. Because heart attacks usually occur in older people who typically have more indigestion problems, these symptoms often get dismissed as heartburn or another food-related complication.

If you normally have an iron stomach, indigestion or heart burn could be signaling that something else is going on.

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